The woolly rhinoceros (Coelodonta antiquitatis) is an extinct species of rhinoceros that was common throughout Europe and northern Asia[1] during thePleistocene epoch and survived the last glacial period. The genus nameCoelodonta means "cavity tooth". The woolly rhinoceros was a member of thePleistocene megafauna.The external appearance of woolly rhinos is known from mummified individuals from Siberia as well as cave paintings.[3] An adult woolly rhinoceros was typically around 3 to 3.8 metres (10 to 12.5 feet) in length, with an estimated weight of around 1,800–2,700 kg (4,000–6,000 lb)[1] or 2,000 kg (4,400 lb).[4] The woolly rhinoceros could grow to be 2 m (6.6 ft) tall;[1] the body size was thus comparable to, or slightly larger than, the extant white rhinoceros.[5] Two horns on the skull were made of keratin, theanterior horn being 61 cm (24 in) in length,[6] with a smaller horn between its eyes.[7]It had thick, long fur, small ears, short, thick legs, and a stocky body. Cave paintingssuggest a wide dark band between the front and hind legs, but the feature is not universal, and the identification of pictured rhinoceroses as woolly rhinoceros is uncertain.



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