- The woolly rhinoceros (Coelodonta antiquitatis) is an extinct species of rhinoceros that was common throughout Europe and northern Asia during thePleistocene epoch and survived the last glacial period. The genus nameCoelodonta means "cavity tooth". The woolly rhinoceros was a member of thePleistocene megafauna.The external appearance of woolly rhinos is known from mummified individuals from Siberia as well as cave paintings. An adult woolly rhinoceros was typically around 3 to 3.8 metres (10 to 12.5 feet) in length, with an estimated weight of around 1,800–2,700 kg (4,000–6,000 lb) or 2,000 kg (4,400 lb). The woolly rhinoceros could grow to be 2 m (6.6 ft) tall; the body size was thus comparable to, or slightly larger than, the extant white rhinoceros. Two horns on the skull were made of keratin, theanterior horn being 61 cm (24 in) in length, with a smaller horn between its eyes.It had thick, long fur, small ears, short, thick legs, and a stocky body. Cave paintingssuggest a wide dark band between the front and hind legs, but the feature is not universal, and the identification of pictured rhinoceroses as woolly rhinoceros is uncertain.
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